#Gestion de paquets # Installer un nouveau paquet depuis un .deb : $ sudo dpkg -i paquet.deb Rechercher les fichiers install├ęs : $ dpkg -L <nom_du_paquet> $ aptitude: Running it with no arguments brings up a beautiful interface to search, navigate, install, update and otherwise administer packages. # aptitude install <package>: Installing software for your system, installing needed dependencies as well. # aptitude remove <package>: Removing packages as well as orphaned dependencies. # aptitude purge <package>: Removing packages and orphaned dependencies as well as any configuration files left behind. $ aptitude search <package>: Search for packages in the local apt package lists. # aptitude update: Update the local packages lists. # aptitude upgrade: Upgrade any installed packages that have been updated. # aptitude clean: Delete any downloaded files necessary for installing the software on your system. # aptitude dist-upgrade: Upgrade packages, even if it means uninstalling certain packages. $ aptitude show <package>: Show details about a package name. # aptitude autoclean: Delete only out-of-date packages, but keep current ones. # aptitude hold: Fix a package at it's current version, and don't update it. Sauvegarder sa liste de programmes : $ dpkg --get-selections > liste-programmes Restauration: $ sudo dpkg --set-selections < liste-programmes $ sudo apt-get dselect-upgrade